Mashinka Firunts Hakopian is a senior researcher for the Transformations of the Human program at the Berggruen Institute. Prior to joining the Institute, she held a teaching appointment in UCLA’s Department of English, teaching courses in media studies and visual culture. She holds a PhD in the History of Art from the University of Pennsylvania, and an MA in Curatorial Studies from Columbia University. With Avi Alpert and Danny Snelson, she is a co-founder of Research Service, a media collective that develops performative and practice-based models of scholarship, with whom she has presented projects for the Palais de Tokyo, the Institute of Contemporary Art (Philadelphia), the New Museum (New York), and others. She is the co-editor of Present Tense Pamphlets, a hybrid digital and print publishing platform for score-based performance, released through Northwestern University and the Block Museum of Art. She is a Contributing Editor for ASAP/J and an Associate Editor for Noema. Her book on algorithmic bias is forthcoming in 2020 from X Artists’ Books.