Vítězslav Nezval (1900–1958) was an avant-garde Czech poet and visual artist. He was a leading founding member of the group Devětsil and of the related Poetist movement. In the 1930s he turned to Surrealism, establishing a friendship with André Breton and Paul Éluard. In 1934, he helped found the Surrealist Group of Czechoslovakia — the first Surrealist offshoot outside of France. He was a communist, and remained loyal to the party until his death.
East of Eden: Vítězslav Nezval and Czech Surrealism
Benjamin Cunningham unearths the story of “The Absolute Gravedigger” by Czech Surrealist poet Vítězslav Nezval....