Victor Serge

Victor Serge (1890–1947) was born Victor Lvovich Kibalchich to Russian anti-czarist exiles. A precocious anarchist firebrand, he was sentenced to five years in a French penitentiary in 1912. Expelled to Spain in 1917, he participated in an anarcho-syndicalist uprising before leaving to join the revolution in Russia. Detained for more than a year in a French concentration camp, Serge arrived in St. Petersburg early in 1919 and joined the Bolsheviks, serving in the press services of the Communist International.