Aviva Chomsky is currently a professor and the coordinator of Latin American studies at Salem State College. She has previously been a professor at Bates College and a faculty research associate at Harvard University, specializing in the history of Latin America and the Caribbean. Her book West Indian Workers and the United Fruit Company in Costa Rica 1870–1940 was awarded the 1997 Best Book Prize by the New England Council of Latin American Studies. She has also co-edited books including The People Behind the Coal, Identity and Struggle at the Margins of the Nation-State, and The Cuba Reader: History, Culture, Politics (Latin America Readers). She is the eldest daughter of linguist and political activist Noam Chomsky.